A distinct DNA methylation signature and recurrent loss of chromosome 13 identifies a previously uncharacterized glioma in adults

Abstract

Tumors of the central nervous system (CNS) often display a wide morphologic spectrum that has, until recently, been the sole basis for tumor classification. The introduction of the integrated histomolecular diagnostic approach in CNS tumors has facilitated a classification system that is increasingly data-driven and with improved alignment to clinical outcome. Here, we report a previously uncharacterized glioma type (n = 31) using unsupervised clustering analysis of DNA methylation array data from approximately 14,000 CNS tumor samples.